|Flights to Caracas are readily
available from the US and the UK. From Australia and New
Zealand, round-the-world tickets may be the cheapest and
most flexible option. Flying into the country from other
South or Central American destinations can be problematic
and/or very costly. Be sure to research your options thoroughly.
The international departure tax is US$21 (US$39 if you've
stayed over a month).
Entry by sea is possible via the US, where travelers
can take a cargo ship from one of several ports on the
Gulf of Mexico. Alternatively, ferries run from the
Lesser Antilles, but there is no longer any service
between Venezuela and the Netherlands Antilles.
By land, there are road connections from Colombia and
Brazil, but not from Guyana. Travelers planning to use
the dangerous El Amparo de Apure-Arauca border crossing
or the Puerto Páez-Puerto Carreño crossing
into Colombia should consult their embassy to assess
the security situation. Colombian guerrilla attacks
on Venezuelan army posts resulted in a confrontational
buildup of troops on both sides of the border in March